The exam of Secondary Grade Teacher consists of 4 sections viz, G.K & Current Affairs, Perspectives of Education, Classroom implications Educational Psychology and Content & Methodologies. Total 80 questions will be appeared for 80 marks.
|S.No.||Name of the Test||Marks|
|1||G.K & Current Affairs||10 M|
|2||Perspectives of Education||05 M|
|3||Classroom implications Educational Psychology||05 M|
|4||Content & Methodologies||60 M (45+15)|
PART – A
I. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE AND CURRENT AFFAIRS (Marks: 10)
II. PERSPECTIVES IN EDUCATION (Marks: 05)
1. History of Education :
⦁ The Education in Ancient India – Pre-Vedic and Post-Vedic period, Medieval Education
⦁ Education in Pre Independent era – Woods Despatch (1854), Hunter Commission (1882), Hartog Committee (1929), Sargent Committee (1944)
⦁ Education in Post Independent era – Mudaliar Commission (1952-53), Kothari Commission (1964-66), Ishwarbhai Patel committee (1977), NPE-1986, POA1992
2. Teacher Empowerment:
⦁ Need, interventions for empowerment, Professional code of conduct for teachers, Teacher motivation, Professional development of Teachers and Teacher organizations, National / State Level Organizations for Teacher Education, Maintenance of Records and Registers in Schools.
3. Educational Concerns in Contemporary India:
⦁ Democracy and Education, Equality, Equity, Quality in Education, Equality of Educational Opportunities.
⦁ Economics of Education, Education as Human Capital, Education and Human Resource Development, Literacy – Saakshar Bharat Mission.
⦁ Population Education, Gender – Equality, Equity and Empowerment of Women, Urbanization and migration, Life skills.
⦁ Adolescence Education
⦁ Health and Physical Education
⦁ Inclusive Education – Classroom Management in Inclusive Education
⦁ Role of Education in view of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization
⦁ Value Education, Peace Education
⦁ Programmes and Projects – APPEP, DPEP, Sarva Siksha Abhiyan, National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL), Rashtriya Madhyamika Siksha Abhiyan(RMSA), Rashtriya Aveshekar Abhiyan (RAA), KGBVs, Model Schools.
⦁ Incentives and special provisions – Mid Day Meals, Free Books, Scholarship, Awards, Welfare Hostels, Transportation.
⦁ Current Trends in Education – Badi pelusthondi, Badi ki Vasta, Mavuru – Mana Badi, Vidyanjali, Swacha Patasala, Inspire, Kalavutsav.
4. Acts / Rights:
⦁ Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act – 2009
⦁ Right to Information Act – 2005
⦁ Child Rights
⦁ Human Rights
5. National Curriculum – Framework, 2005: Perspective, Guiding Principles, Learning and Knowledge, Teaching Learning Process, Assessment, Systemic Reforms.
III.Classroom implications Educational Psychology – 05 Marks
- Individual differences: Inter and intra individual differences, meaning, nature and theories of intelligence with special emphasis to multiple intelligence, IQ, assessment
of intelligence, EQ, Creativity. Attitude, Aptitude, Interest, Habit and its Influence on Intelligence – Classroom implementation.
- Learning: Theories and approaches of learning, learning curves, Factors, Phases, Dimensions of learning, Types of learning, Transfer of learning. Memory, Forgetting,
Learning and assessment– Classroom implementation.
- Personality: Nature, characteristics and theories of personality, factors of Personality, Assessment of Personality, Mental health, Adjustment, Stress – nature,
Symptoms and management. Emotional intelligence, Management of emotions – Class room implementation.
PART – B
IV. CONTENT & METHODOLOGIES (45 + 15 = 60 Marks)
Telugu: – Content: 9 Marks
1. 3వ తరగతి నుండి 8వ తరగతి వరకు గల ఆంధ్రప్రదేశ్ తెలుగు వాచకాలలో పాఠ్యభాగ విషయాలు
A) కవి పరిచయాలు
C) ఇతి వృత్తాలు
F) విద్యా ప్రమాణాలు
F) సామెతలు – వివరణ, గుర్తించడం.
G) పొడుపు కథలు
A) విభక్తి ప్రత్యయాలు
C) పారిభాషిక పదాలు – (ద్రుత ప్రకృతికాలు, కళలు, ఆమ్రేడితం, సంధి, వచనాలు, కాలాలు, లింగాలు, సమాసం, ఆగమం, ఆదేశం, బహుళం
తెలుగు సంధులు: అత్వ, ఇత్వ, ఉత్వ, యడాగమ, సరళాదేశ, ఆమ్రేడిత, ద్విరుక్తటకార, గసడదవాదేశ సంధులు.
సంస్కృత సంధులు: సవర్ణదీర్ఘ, గుణ, యణాదేశ, వృద్ధి సంధులు.
E) సమాసాలు – (ద్వంద్వ, ద్విగు, తత్పురుష సమాసాలు)
F) ఛందస్సు – గణవిభజన, గణాల గుర్తింపు
G) అలంకారాలు – వృత్యనుప్రాస, ఛేకానుప్రాస, అంత్యానుప్రాస (శబ్దాలంకారాలు) ఉపమా, ఉత్ప్రేక్ష, అతిశయోక్తి (అర్థాలంకారాలు). అలంకారాలు గుర్తించుట, లక్ష్య లక్షణ సమన్వయం చేయుట.
H) వాక్యాలు- (ఆశ్చర్యార్ధక, విద్యర్ధక, నిషేధార్ధక, అనుమత్యర్ధక, సామర్థ్యార్ధక, సందేహార్ధక, ఆశీరర్ధక, ప్రార్ధనార్ధక, ప్రశ్నార్ధక, హేత్వర్ధక, కర్తరి, కర్మణి వాక్యాలు)
తెలుగు బోధనా పద్ధతులు: 3 మార్కులు
ప్రాథమికస్థాయిలో భాషాభివృద్ధి మరియు అవగాహన
A) ప్రాథమిక స్థాయిలో భాషా సామర్థ్యాల అభివృద్ధి
B) పాఠ్యపుస్తకాలు – బోధన శాస్త్రంపై అవగాహన
C) ఆంధ్రప్రదేశ్లో భాషాభివృద్ధి కార్యక్రమాలు
D) తరగతి గది ప్రణాళిక – భాషాభ్యసనం – మదింపు
A) భాష – సమాజం
B) భాషా సామర్థ్యాలను అభివృద్ధి పరచడం
C) భాషావనరులు వాటి వినియోగం భాషాభివృద్ది కార్యక్రమాలు
D) భాషాభ్యసనం ఆశించిన ఫలితాలు – వ్యూహాలు
E) భాష – బోధనాభ్యసన ప్రక్రియల నిర్వహణ-ప్రణాళికలు ఎలిమెంటరీ స్థాయి.
F) భాషా మూల్యాంకనం.
Language – II English (Marks: 9)
1. Poets, Essayists, Novelists, Dramatists and their works
2. Forms of Language – Story, Essay, Letter writing, Editorial, Precis writing, notemaking,
autobiography and biography
3. Pronunciation – Sounds – Use of dictionary
4. Parts of Speech
6. Types of Sentences
7. Articles and Prepositions
Methodology – English (Marks: 3)
1. Aspects of English:- (a) English language – History, Nature, Importance, Principles of English as Second Language (b) Problems of Teaching / Learning English.
2. Objectives of Teaching English.
4. Development of Language skills:- (a) Listening, Speaking, Reading & Writing (LSRW) (b) Communicative skills.
5. Approaches, Methods, Techniques of teaching English: Introduction, Definition and Types of Approaches, Methods and Techniques of Teaching English, Remedial Teaching.
6. Teaching of Structures and Vocabulary items.
7. Teaching Learning Materials in English
8. Lesson Planning
9. Curriculum & Textbooks
10. Evaluation in English language
Mathematics Content (Class-I to Class-VIII Present State syllabus) (9Marks)
I. Day to Day Mathematics
Pre Mathematical concepts – Money & Time
Ratio and Proportion – Applications of Ratio- Comparing Quantities using proportion -Direct and Inverse proportion
III. Number System
Numbers – four fundamental operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication & division) Patterns in Numbers.
Knowing Our Numbers-Indian & international systems – Rounding of numbers- Whole Numbers – Playing With Numbers-divisibility rules-LCM & HCF -Integers – Fractions – Decimals -Rational Numbers -Squares, cubes, Square roots, Cube roots
SHAPES– PATTERNS – Basic geometrical ideas – Measures of Lines and Angles – Symmetry – Understanding 3D, 2D Shapes -Representing 3D in 2D-Lines and Angles – Triangle and Its Properties -Congruency of Triangles- -Quadrilaterals – Practical Geometry – Construction of Triangles – Construction of Quadrilaterals – Exploring Geometrical Figures
SPATIAL UNDERSTANDING -Length – Weight – capacity – Perimeter & Area of Plane Figures (triangle, square, rectangle, rhombus, circle, trapezium, parallelogram)
Introduction to Algebra- Simple Equations- – Algebraic Expressions – Exponents & Powers – Linear Equations in one variable – Factorization
DATA HANDLING – Frequency Distribution Tables and Graphs
Maths Methodology (D.El.Ed.) (3Marks)
1. Nature and Definitions of Mathematics
2. Aims, values and instructional objectives of teaching Mathematics
3. Methods of Teaching & Remedial measures in Mathematics
4. Instructional Material, TLM and Resource Utilization in Mathematics
5. Curriculum, Text Book & Instructional Planning.
6. Evaluation and Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation
SCIENCE CONTENT – 12 Marks
CONTENT (Marks: 09)
1. Living World – Non Living and living organisms, life and its characteristics, Family, Members of the family, Changing family structure, Friends, Relations, Works, Games, Different games rules, Our Village, Mapping skills, Shelter, Things we make cloth, Travel, Find the way – direction, from village to Delhi, Public Institutions, House, Construction – Sanitation, Our laces, Our culture. Story of microbial world, Use full and harm full micro organisms. Air – Importance of air, composition of air, diseases spread through air and their prevention, air pollution – causes, its impact, and measures to prevent, Green House effect. Water – Importance, water resources, tanks, aquatic flora and fauna, Water pollution – causes, impact, measures to prevent, purification of water, drought, floods, Water cycle, Draught waste water Treatment. Weather, Climate, Soil our life, rain, floods, Cyclones, disaster management, Habitat, Movements in animals, Production of food from animals and plants, Agricultural operation, Cultivation of Crops, diseases to plants and control, improvement of crop yield storage, Preservation and protection of food and plant products, Classification of living organisms, Branches of Sciences, Recent trends in Science, Hybridization, animal husbandry.
2. Life processes – Cell, cell organelles parts of plants and functions. Animals, different types of Animals, Animals base of our life, Our body parts, External, Internal parts of our body, Bones, Muscles, Sense organs, Organ systems in animals. Nutrition in plants and animals, excretion, respiration, reproduction, seed dispersal in plants control and coordination in organisms. Our food, food components, Nutritious food, Health, Cleanliness, Why do we fall ill? Balanced diet, Malnutrition. Midday Meals, food preservation methods, Wastage of food, How we get food, green revolution, Food Pyramid, Junk food, First Aid.
3. Natural Phenomena – Changes around us separation of substances, fiber to fabric synthetic, atmospheric pressure, Materials, things, measurement of liquids, fibers, Plastics metals and non metals, matter, Acids and bases. Motion and time, Energy, Forms of Energy – Energy resources, Renewable and non renewable resources, conservation of energy Temperature and its measurement. Electricity, Electric circuits, Current and its effects, Sound, reflection of light, Shadows, Playing with magnets, friction, force speed, velocity, combustion, fuels and flame. How to measure things, Coal, Petrol, Petroleum products.
4. Our Environment – Bio diversity, Diversity in plants and animals, lets plant, trees, endangered, endemic species, Forest – Tribes – Tribal life – diversity in forests. Different Ecosystems, Ecology, Bio mass, A biotic, Biotic factors, Global Environmental Issues. Global warming, Acid rains, depletion of Ozone layer. Stars and Solar systems. River, Lively hood, Atmosphere – wind – safety measures – Historical sites – Forts – Our Country – World, Our constitution, Child rights. Indian History and
Culture. Sun and Planets.
Methodology: (03 Marks)
1. Concept and scope of Environmental Studies (Science)
2. Aims & Objectives of teaching Environmental Studies (Science) Academic Standards of Teaching EVS
3. Relation to Science
4. Curriculum and its transactional process – Teaching Methodology
5. Teaching Learning Material (TLM)
6. Evaluation procedures – CCE.
Social Studies: 12 Marks
Content – 9 Marks
Theme – I: Diversity on the Earth
Reading, Making and analysis of Maps – different kinds of maps. – Globe – A Model of the Earth – Land Forms of Andhra Pradesh Penamakuru ,A Village in the Krishna Delta – Salakamcheruvu, A Village on the Plateau – Kunavaram ,Tribal Villages on the Hills -Rain and Rivers-Tanks and Ground Water – Oceans and Fishing – Continents – Europe – Africa – Energy from the Sun – Earth Movements and Seasons – The Polar Regions – Forests:Using and Protecting them – Minerals and Mining
Theme – II: Production Exchange and Livelihoods
From Gathering Food to Growing food – The Earliest People – Agriculture in Our Times – Trade in Agricultural Produce – Trade in Agricultural Produce – Handicrafts and Handlooms – Industrial Revolution – Production in a Factory – A Paper Mill – Importance of Transport System – Safety measures – Money and Banking – Impact of Technology on Livelihoods – Public Health and the Government
Theme -III: Political Systems and Governance
Community Decision Making in a Tribe – Emergence of Kingdoms and Republics – First Empires – Democratic Government – Village Panchayats – Local Self – Government in Urban Areas – New Kings and Kingdoms – The Kakatiyas – Emergence of a Regional Kingdom – The Kings of Vijayanagara – Mughal Empire – Establishment of British Empire in India – Landlords and Tenants under the British and the Nizam – National Movement – The Early Phase 1885-1919 – National Movement – The Last Phase 1919-1947 – Freedom Movement in Hyderabad State – The Indian Constitution – Parliament and Central Government – Making of Laws in the State Assembly – Implementation of Laws in the District – Law and Justice.
Theme -IV: Social Organization and Inequities
Diversity in Our Society – Towards Gender Equality -Caste Discrimination and the Struggle for Equalities – Livelihood and Struggles of Urban Workers – Abolition of Zamindari System – Understanding Poverty – Rights Approach to Development.
Theme – V: Religion and Society
Religion and Society in Early Times – Devotion and Love towards God – Folk – Religion – Devotional Paths to the Divine – Social and Religious Reform Movements – Understanding Secularism
Theme -VI: Culture and Communication
Language, Writing and Great Books – Sculptures and Buildings – Rulers and Buildings – Performing Arts and Artistes in Modern Times – Film and Print Media – Sports: Nationalism and Commerce.
Methodology: 03 Marks
1. Nature and Scope of Social Studies
2. Aims, Objectives and Values of Teaching Social Studies
3. Methods of Teaching Social Studies
4. Resource Utilization, Content Enrichment material
5. Curriculum, Text Book and Instructional Planning
6. Evaluation and Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation
State Council Educational Research & Training,
Department of School Education,
Government of Andhra Pradesh.